Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom

Koguryo was a kingdom that ruled part of northeast China and the northern-half of the Korean Peninsula from 37 BC to 668 AD. The remains we see today are evidence of its once splendid, but vanished, civilization. The site includes the capital cities of Wunu Mountain City, Guonei City and Wandu Mountain City; fourteen imperial tombs; twenty-six noble tombs; a General's Tomb; and the monument to the nineteenth Emperor of the Koguryo Kingdom. These ancient remains are mostly located around Ji'an city in Jinlin Province and Huanren County in Liaoning Province in northeast of China.

Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom

Wunu Mountain City is the earliest city of the one-hundred Koguryo extant cities along the Yalu River, it was also the first capital city which the Koguryo built. This mountain city was constructed by following Chinese architectural traditions but with great innovations in selecting location, building city walls, and processing stone. Guonei City and Wandu Mountain City were the compound capital cities for most of Koguryo's history, and they have been shown, through archeological and architectural studies on their remains, to be the masterpieces of the capital cities. There are about seven thousand tombs outside of the mountain city and many of them have exquisite murals, rich in content and color, showing the Koguryo kingdom's culture and daily life. Wars, hunting, religions (Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism), and other aspects of life are depicted.

In 2004, the Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom in China were added to the United Nations list of the World's Cultural and Natural Heritage.

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