The Ancient Residence of the Wang’s and the Xie’s

The Ancient Residence of the Wang’s and the Xie’sThe Ancient Residence of the Wang’s and the Xie’s

The former residences of the Wang and Xie families were mentioned in Liu Yuxi's poem - Wuyi Lane (Black Robe Lane).After Dong Jin made the capital in Nanjing, the rich and powerful families that moved southward were most grouped in Confucius Temple area. The celebrated families of the Wangs and the Xies successively dwelled in Wuyi lane near the Qinhuaihe River. Located in Nanjing of Jiangsu, Wuyi Lane was home to the two influential families of prime ministers Wang Dao and Xie An of the Eastern Jin Dynasty.  The disciple of the two families used to wear in black, hence the name. The lane got its name because people from these two families tended to wear black clothes.

In memory of Wang Dao and Xie An, Laiyan House was built here. Simplicity and elegance are the architectural styles. "Wild flowers blossom on the edge of the Red Sparrow Bridge with the scenery of sunset by the Wuyi Lane, the noble swallows that dwelled in wealthy families of Wang and Xie are now in plebian houses." This is the famous poem written by the Chinese poet Liu Yuxi , who has also made Wuyi Lane well-known though this great poem.Now the ancient residence of the two families are built in Wuyi lane, revealing the culture of that time.

Wang Dao (276 – 339 AD) was born in Linyi of Shandong Province. He was actually the pioneer of the Eastern Jin Dynasty. During this period, the country had been in very chaotic political condition and the cruel Hun was barbarically invading. Wang would like the emperor of the state to set the capital in Nanjing, where the peaceful environment would benefit Jin's development. He united the tribes of the north and south to make peace for the whole country, thus he attained great reputation among these tribes.

Xie An (320 – 385 AD) was born in Henan Province in central China and he ever being a hermit in the mountain. He interested in watching natural scenery, reading classical literature and paying attention to national politics as well when he was young. Everyone knew his wisdom would help the country to be saved from falling down. He became an important imperial official at Nanjing when he was forty. His stately stillness and elegant character had greatly impressed his colleagues. He had two great merits during his 20-odd years political career in Nanjing, the first was that he smartly prevented an usurp attempted by General Huan Wen , who wanted to seize the power of the emperor. The second was that he led a troop of eighty thousand to defeat the Former Qin Empire from the north. The empire had powerful forces of 970,000, and their general said that he could divide the river into two parts by striking his scourge on the water. Xie An, however, by using his military wisdom, his forces successfully drove out the invading army.

Location: Wuyi Lane, Nanjing.
Entrance Fee: RMB 8
Transportation: Take Bus No.1,2,4,7,15,30,31,40,44,49,or 62.

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