Located behind the Presidential Palace, Xuyuan Garden is a verdant contrast to the modern Republican structure that served as the Nationalists' government offices. The garden's history goes back to the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), when it was home to Prince Zhu Gaoxu. Later the garden served as the official home of the governor of Jiangsu. The Taiping Rebellion leader Hong Xiuquan made his home at the palace next to the garden while he was king of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom between 1851 and 1864. The lake within the garden holds a massive marble boat known as Buji Zhou, a curiosity with two compartments. The garden is celebrated as an example of classic southern architecture. More than that, it has played a historically significant role, with several powerful players, emperors and modern presidents known to stroll through its grounds as they made state decisions.
Xuyuan Garden, or west garden, enjoys a good reputation not only for its gardening but also for its significant place in history. It was named after a prince of the Ming dynasty since the place was once his residence. It had been a part of the palace of Heavenly King of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom and temporary office of Dr. Sun Yat-Sun, when he acceded to acting president of Republic of China. So visitors will find many history traces in the garden.
The tiny garden covers merely a space of 1.4 hectares, however, it is a very unique and famous traditional Chinese garden. The stone boat in the garden is also very unique.
Location:No.292 Changjiang Road, Behind the Presidential Palace, Nanjing,
Transportation:Take Bus No.1, 2, 29, 44, 65, 95, 304
Shanghai, Huangshan Mountain, Wuyuan, Jingdezhen, Beijing
Beijing, Shanghai, Suzhou, Hangzhou, Xi'an, Guilin, (Hong Kong)
Beijing, Xi’an, Shanghai, Guilin
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