Karez Irrigation System

Karez irrigation systems are the crystallization of ancient people's diligence and intelligence. Without the Karez, there would be no Turpan culture.

The history of the karez, which have mainly been used in the Hami and Turpan areas of Xinjiang, where it is hot and dry, dates back to the Han Dynasty (206 B.C. - 220 A.D.). It is considered one of the three great projects of ancient China, along with the Great Wall and the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal.

Karez Irrigation System  Karez Irrigation System
The karez system consists of four parts: a hole as deep as 50 to 60 meters, an underground canal, an aboveground canal and a small reservoir. It has many advantages, such as little evaporation from season to season and little percolation and can provide a stable water supply that does not consume energy or cause pollution.

Wandering underground over 5,000 kilometers, the system has also been called "the underground Great Wall."

Karez systems also functions as the natural air conditioner for the locals because they can sit in one while chatting or doing some chores. When exhausted during the scorching weather, sitting in a Karez, picking some grapes as they hang over the vertical wells and savoring their taste, you will be thoroughly refreshed. 

More >>Featured China Tours

Chinese Gourmet Tour

Beijing, Chengdu, Guilin, Nanjing, Yangzhou, Shanghai

  • Great Wall, Forbidden City
  • Peking Duck, Hutong tour
  • Hot-pot dinner, Panda
  • Li River Cruise, Yangshuo
  • Cooking class, Rice Noodles
  • Huangyai dish
  • Shanghai Benbang dish

East China Ancient Town Experience Tour, from US$1136

Shanghai, Huangshan Mountain, Wuyuan, Jingdezhen, Beijing

  • Yuyuan Garden, the Bund
  • Zhujiajiao, Zhouzhuang
  • Yellow Mount., Hongcun Village
  • Wuyuan Countryside Scenery
  • Porcelain and china town
  • Forbidden City, Great Wall

Beautiful China Photo Tour, from US$2297

Beijing, Chengdu, Jiuzhaigou, Kunming, Dali, Lijiang, Shangri-la, Guilin, (Hong Kong)

  • Forbidden City, Great Wall
  • Stone Forest, Dali Ancient Town, Lijiang Ancient Town
  • Fairyland-like Jiuzhaigou
  • Terraced Rice Paddies, Li River Cruise

Sweet Honeymoon Holiday in China, from US$1578

Beijing, Shanghai, Suzhou, Hangzhou, Xi'an, Guilin, (Hong Kong)

  • Forbidden City, Great Wall
  • Yuyuan Garden, the Bund in Shanghai
  • Suzhou Garden, West Lake
  • Terra Cotta Warriors & Horses
  • Li River Cruise, Yangshuo
  • Temple of Matchmaker God
  • Lintong Pomegranate Garden

Home Stay in Guilin of Best of China, from US$1197

Beijing, Xi’an, Shanghai, Guilin

  • Great Wall, Terra Cotta Warriors, Li River Cruise
  • Home Stay in Guilin, Local Market 
  • Cooking Your Own Chinese Dinner 
  • Chinese Tea Tasting
Quick search a tour:
How long your trip will be:
You plan to start in:
tailor made your owns China Tours


[email protected]


+86 13978369041



Associated with or Member of:

Follow Us at:

Travelers' Reviews on:

Copyright © 2010-2019 China Expedition Tours. All Rights Reserved