Zhongshan Square in Dalian, Liaoning Province, People's Republic of China, is the best known of the many squares in Dalian. Originally designed by Russians in the 19th century, it is especially noted for the several classical buildings located on the square built during the first half of the 20th century by the Japanese.
The square was originally built in 1898 by the Russians as Nikolayevskaya Square. It was later renamed by the Japanese as hiroba , meaning large plaza as compared to the smaller Nishihiroba meaning west square), now called Friendship Square. After 1945, it was once more renamed as Zhongshan Square, in honor of Sun Zhongshan, the first president of the Republic of China.
Zhongshan Square is 213 meters (699 ft) in diameter. Inside the five-lane roundabout there is a green zone and paved areas where people gather to dance on summer evenings, participate in foreign language corners, or do other things. There are underground passages leading to the inside of the square from both Zhongshan and Renmin Roads.
Ten roads radiate from the square, clockwise.
This round square is typical of the blending of western styles of Romanesque, Gothic and Renaissance with a variety of old European style buildings surrounding an elegant marble circle terrace. Today, government financial institutions are located in those old buildings and the square becomes a weekend leisure place. At night the square is colorfully illuminated.
Location: Zhongshan District, Dalian
Transportation: Take Bus No.7,15,19,23,30,403,405,409,506,515,533,701,703,707 or 708.
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