Before paper was invented in ancient China, bamboo and wooden slips were used for writing, which were generally called "Jiandu". The materials were first adopted during the Yin and Shang dynasties, and were not popularized until the Warring States Period.
There were inventions of bamboo slips in the Warring States Period as well as the Qin and Han Dynasties in history, which have recorded vast contents of sutra, biography, laws and decrees, letters and writs, calendar etc.
Bamboo and Wooden Slips were unearthed in Zoumalou in December 1996.These bamboo slips recorded the archival documents of Changsha County in Three Kingdoms Period. The 170,000 slips are written official files stored by Changsha Prefecture during Sun Quan's reign of Wu in the Three Kingdoms period. They are of great significance to the study of history, political, economic, land taxes systems and the social classes of that period. Parts of the bamboo and wooden slips have been sorted out and exhibited in Changsha Museum. After sorting out the slips, experts found that the Three Kingdoms' Wu bamboo slips had over four million characters in total, and its contents involved politics, economy, military, taxation, and household registration and so on of Changsha County in Wu State.
Changsha Bamboo and wooden slips museum is currently the only new modern museum with a set of Bamboo and wooden slips collection, protection, collation, research and display in one all over the world.
The Three Kingdoms' Wu bamboo slips unearthed from Zoumalou, Changsha was confronted with thee hazard of decay upon excavation as they had gone through so many years. Experts on historical relics spent seven years to restore them. They have become important data for research of politics, economy, military and society during Three Kingdoms Period.
Shanghai, Huangshan Mountain, Wuyuan, Jingdezhen, Beijing
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