Zunyi Meeting Site

In January 1935, Chinese Red Army passed through this town during the Long March and the "Zunyi Meeting" of historic significance, was held here by the Political Bureau of the Chinese Communist Party. Located at the center of the old city of Honghuagang district, Zunyi Meeting Site is a two-storey building of brick-wood structure facing the north. It is a typical combination of Chinese and Western style. As the site where Mao Zedong took full membership in the Politburo Standing Committee and where the CCP finally shifted from a strategy favoring large battles and urban insurrection before to rural guerilla warfare, Zunyi had earned its good reputation in Red History. The historic site itself consists of 4 residences used by Party leaders, the former Chinese Soviet Republic State Bank, the old Catholic Church (headquarters of the Red Army's Political Department), and a museum. Situating in the heart of Zunyi's old town, the main site takes a 15-minute walk from the main cluster of buildings to Mao Zedong's residence. The rooms are furnished and decorated as they were in the 1930s: a simple wooden trestle as a bed covered with straw mattress and a cotton quilt. Straw sandals, kerosene oil lamps, wooden umbrellas and charcoal heaters from that time are on display there.

 Zunyi Meeting Site Zunyi Meeting Site

Site of the Zunyi Conference
This former merchant's home served as the site for the politburo meetings in January 1935. The main leaders of the People's Republic from 1949 to 1997, including Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai and Deng Xiaoping, attended this meeting. Tense tendencious confrontations between supporters of the Soviet and Maoist revolutionary lines ensued. In the end, the Maoist side won out and it was decided that the CCP should continue its flight across China (the Long March) and encourage rural revolt.

Zunyi Meeting Site Zunyi Meeting Site 

The museum located across the garden from the site of the Zunyi Conference contains excellent exhibits on the Zunyi Conference, the Long March, and the Chinese Civil War (1927-1937 and 1946-1949) in Guizhou. The pictures and statues are impressive. It is entirely in Chinese when English speaking guides are also available.

Surrounding the Zunyi Conference Site are several blocks of "restored" Zunyi buildings. The area was largely destroyed in the early 1980s and reconstructed in a style of the prosperous mercantile Zunyi in the 1930s. Old Town is home to the best shopping and eating establishments. In order to promote "Red Tourism", a zoo at Zunyi Park was torn down in 2006 and replaced by several blocks of traditional-style architecture.

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