Mount Tai lies in the centre of Shandong Province, north of Taian City, and in the east of North China Plain, its Range stretches eastwards for more than 200 kilometres along south bank of the Yellow River. The main peak of the mountain in Tai'an which is 1545 metres above sea level is located 45 kilometres south of Jinan,— the capital of Shandong. It is considered to be one of the nation's five "holiest" mountains in China. Esteemed as prior to other four ancient renowned mountains, Mount Tai was called "Daizong" in the ancient times. The mountain was formed 2,500 million years ago with the earth's primeval orogenic movement. Facing the East sea as well as the Yellow River, it cuts a conspicuous figure in China with its magnificence, loftiness, long history, numerous cultural relics and natural beauty. It is the first place in China to be listed as the world's cultural and natural heritage site by UNESCO.