Tianlong Grottoes

Tianlong Grottoes lie in the Tianlong Mountain, 40 km southwest of Taiyuan. Surrounded by mountains and lush, a dense tree, the area around Tianlong Grottoes enjoys a beautiful landscape and moderate climate. Tianlong Mountain, another name of Fangshan is 1700 meters above the sea level.

Tianlong Grottoes  Tianlong Grottoes

In the cliffs halfway up Tianlong Mountain, there scattered twenty-one grottoes, which were first built in the Dongwei Dynasty (531-550). And it took more than 500 years to finish such a large group of caves. Especially in Tang Dynasty, the construction came to the high speed and level. There were more than 500 sculptures made of stone and 1,144 carvings and pictures in the Tianlong Grottoes. The sculptures were much precious and really true to life. Cave No.9 is the biggest one and is a two-storied cave. On the first floor are two Buddhas riding an elephant and a lion with an eleven-faced Buddha. On the second floor is the sitting statue of Maitreya Buddha about 8 meters high which is the finest to be preserved among the Tianlong Grottoes. On the steep cliff is Manshan Pavilion. The wooden structure, more than 10 meters high, looks very grand. The exquisite stone statue of Buddha standing on a lotus flower with a patch of blue sky on his head is a model of decorum and uprightness.

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