Yadan Spectacle is situated in the north of Ruoqiang County, Bayingolin Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in the Lop Nur Area. Lop Nur Area is the second largest Yadan area after the Qaidam Basin. The cluster of eroded mounds are scattered mainly in the north, west and east sides of the Lop Nur Area.Yadan, which means “The steep Mound” in Uygur, has been used widely by geologists and archeologists to refer to certain geomorphic features in arid regions. Because of strong water corrosion and fierce wind erosion, a series of parallel ditches and ditch ridges have formed in the clayrock area. These ditches and ridges, following the direction of the prevailing winds, are usually up to twenty meters long, with the longest several hundred meters long. They can be all sorts of shapes, and present a splendid sight.
The “Dragon City” in the northeast part of Lop Nur is most magnificent. These mounds vary in height, length, width and shapes. They are in the shape of houses, pavilions, towers, castles, cars, boats, animals and human beings, etc. People say that it is one hundred percent a mound city. More amazingly, one can hear the noise of the 'city'. There are dogs barking, birds singing, cars hooting, bells ringing, children playing and crying, and traders and buyers bargaining. All these effects are the results of the wind roaring against the mounds.
In addition, there are other Yadan areas, such as Loulan and Sanlongsha; each of them has its own features.
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