Located in a depression with the area of more than 1000 square kilometers of the eastern part of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China, Turpan is a key town on the ancient Silk Road, the chief town of the Turpan depression and one of Xinjiang's most fascinating cities, known for its strange landscape, wealth of places of historical interest, abundance of fruits and rich resources of ethnic culture. There are 14 unites of the cultural relies, which are the protected by the country. The Flaming Mountain, the ancient cities of Jiaohe and Gaochang, the Emin Minaret, the Bizaklik Thousand Buddha Caves and the special underground irrigation Karez system are of great value and enjoying value. Besides, it is the second lowest continental point in the world after the Dead Sea.
The climate in Turpan is very special. In summer, the temperature can reach as high as 47ºC (117ºF), while on the surface of the sand dunes, it may well be 82℃ (180℉). It is no exaggeration to say that you can bake a cake in the hot sand. The average annual rainfall is little more than ten millimeters; sometimes there is not a drop of rain for ten months at a stretch. Days are exceptionally sunny throughout the year; nut people say it is not difficult to endure the heat of the day when you know the night will be cool. The kind of hot, dry climate is especially beneficial to sugar crops. Fruit trees, melons, and particularly grapes grow very well in the Turpan Depression. Every year, more than a thousand tons of grapes are exported to foreign countries.