Tengwang Pavilion

The Tengwang Pavilion, Yellow Crane Building and Yueyang Building have being called as three famous superstructures to the south of Yantze River. Standing west of Nanchang on the banks of the Ganjiang River, The Song-style Tengwang Pavilion has a floor space of 130,000 square meters and measures 57.5 meters in height. The roofs are double caved, and the beams and columns are colorfully painted.

 Tengwang PavilionTengwang Pavilion

It also has the reputation of being the 'First Pavilion of Xijiang River' and has been widely admired by visitors from all over the world. In terms of its height, overall size and architectural style, this pavilion is a prime example of such buildings for which China is justifiably famous. 

The pavilion was built in A.D. 653, when the Tengwang (King) Li yuanying, a younger brother of the Emperor Taizong of Tang Dynasty was the governor of Hongzhou (now Nanchang). The pavilion was named after him but it was to undergo reconstruction as a consequence of events during its 1,300 year long history. It had been crowned with eternal glory, since the "preface to a banquet in Tengwang Pavilion" was written by Wangbo, a noted poet in the early years of Tang dynasty. However, probably the worst tragedy occurred in 1926, when it was destroyed by fire during the conflicts between the Northern Warlords. The current building is the result of rebuilding that was carried out between 1983 and 1989. 

Tengwang Pavilion was always a place where learned men gathered to write articles and hold banquets, therefore the display in the new pavilion gives prominence to culture. A variety of bass-relief and frescoes demonstrate that men of talent have brought glory to this place. The plagues, steles, couplets on the columns of the hall are all selections of celebrities. Musical instruments, bronze sacrifice, ritual article, serial bells impart a classical elegance to this new pavilion. 

The existing pavilion is even more spectacular and magnificent than its predecessors. Reached by a Nine-zigzag bridge and surrounded by rock gardens and lakes, it is built in the architectural style of the Song Dynasty (960-1279). It is in fact a complex and not just a single structure. The principle building, covering 47,000 square meters (about 12 acres), is nine storied and 57.5 meters (about 189 feet) in height. Two smaller pavilions stand on the north and south sides of the main building. Their elegance and simplicity is set off by glazed jade-green tiles on the roof, pretty eaves and red pillars. Engraved screens enhance the interiors. 

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