Outside the surrounding wall of the Mountain Resort of Chengde in Hebei Province, lying an orderly array of eight brilliant and golden temples, whose glistening gilt tiles and grandiose construction, Eight Outer Temples in Chengde show a harmonic combination of the Han, Mongolian and Tibetan architectural style. There are Puning Temple, Putuo Zongsheng Temple, Pule Temple, Xumi Fushou Temple, etc. The Mountain Resort together with the majestic temples is the formation of a unified entity.
The formation of the Eight Outer Temples around the Mountain Resort is our miniature motherland. Replicas of the Sanmoye Temple by the bank of the Yalutsangpo River, the Putala Palace in the upper Tibet, the Jashilumbu Monastery in the lower Tibet, and the Guerzha Temple in Yili, representative of China's southwest and northwest border areas, have appeared here. Shuxiang Temple on the Mt. Wutai, and the Hall of Arhats in the Anguo Temple in Haining County, represent Northern and Southern China. These Temples in Tibetan, Mongolian as well as the Han architectural styles, are not just a simple imitation, but a new creation. For example, the Dacheng Tower of the Puning Temple is an imitation of the main hall of the Sanmoye Temple with the upper story in Indian style, middle story in the style of inland China and lower story in Tibetan style. However, the imitated Dacheng Tower here is all in the style of inland China, except the two sides of the lower story which retain little characteristics of a Tibetan blockhouse, and the five upturned corner roofs of Sanmoye style. The Xumifushouzhi Temple differs greatly from the Jashilumbu Monastery, but its red platform, gilded cupola and the shape are very much in the style of the Monastery.
Shanghai, Huangshan Mountain, Wuyuan, Jingdezhen, Beijing
Beijing, Shanghai, Suzhou, Hangzhou, Xi'an, Guilin, (Hong Kong)
Beijing, Xi’an, Shanghai, Guilin
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