The Helan Mountain

The Helan Mountain The Helan Mountain
Meaning "fine horses" in Mongolian, the Mt. Helan is an ideal summer resort in the less traveled Ningxia. Helan Mounain is over 6,561 feet above sea level with a peak 11,666 feet. Suyukou Forest Reserve, the scenic forest reserve reposed in the eastern side of the Hanlan Mountain 40 kilometers northwest of Yinchuan, had already made a name for itself in ancient times for the liveliness of its scenery. The scenic zone includes such gorgeous sights as the Baiyu Vale, the Guest-Reception Pine, the Twin Waterfalls, the maze of winding footpaths in a forest of fir trees, fossilized plants, the Sky in a Slip, the Dasi Canyon, the Stone Descended from Heaven, and the Mushroom-shaped Rock. With its peaks hidden shyly behind a thick pall of clouds, and the ravines enveloped in an ethereal mist, the Helan Mountain is indeed a sight to be beheld as.
The Helan Mountain The Helan Mountain

The Rock Painting is another highlight. The grand and precipitous Helan Mountain has been inhabited by various nationalities-Xirong, Xiongnu, Xianbei, Chile, Tujue, Huihu, Dangxiang and Mongolian-in northern China since the ancient times. The ancient people who lived and worded there also carved their lives and dreams on rock paintings. The rock paintings in Helan Mountain are the works done by different nationalities of different times, as early as in the Shang and the Zhou dynasties and as late as the Xixia and the Yuan dynasties. These rock paintings have various themes which include: nomadic life, sacrifice to gods, animals and human images as well as knives, axes, stone chains, traps and carts. The paintings involve a rich variety of themes such as astronomy, human activities and geography. What are especially eye-catching are those on myths and legends and genital worship. These artistic signs, which are the crystals combining human beings' thinking in images with abstract thinking, can well be regarded as an encyclopedia of ancient Chinese nomadic nationalities.


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