The Cemetery of Confucius is located 1 km (0.62miles) north of Qufu, where the family and descendants of Confucianism are buried. The Cemetery of Confucius is the biggest, longest and best preserved Family Cemetery in the world and it has the longest line of descendants in the world. Record has it that this cemetery has already lasted 2340 years. At the time Confucius was buried there, the cemetery was about 6.67hectares. It was continually expanded to over 200 hectares through constant grants by emperors of following dynasties. The cemetery encloses more than 10,000 tombs now, the walls around it are 7 kilometers (4.35miles) long.
The sacred way that guides up to the cemetery is 1,266 meters (4,153 feet) and is lined with verdant pines and cedars. At the end of the road stands a wooden memorial archway - called the Most Sacred Cemetery (Zhi Sheng Lin), and is the gate to the Cemetery of Confucius. Before the tomb of Confucius, a tombstone of the Master and the Most Sacred Wenxuan King was set up in 1443. To the east lies the tomb of his son, Kong Li, while to the south is the tomb of Kong Ji, his grandson. This configuration is called 'holding the son and hugging the grandson'; considered an ideal family pattern in China.
There are many steles stand beside the tombs, which are inscribed with handwritings and vibrant stone sculptures of the notable people of the times. The Cemetery is renowned for its natural botanical areas, largely owing to more than 1,000 mature trees. It is said that after Confucius's death, disciples planted rare trees from all over China. Some of them are so rare that their proper names are yet unknown now.
Shanghai, Huangshan Mountain, Wuyuan, Jingdezhen, Beijing
Beijing, Shanghai, Suzhou, Hangzhou, Xi'an, Guilin, (Hong Kong)
Beijing, Xi’an, Shanghai, Guilin
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