Teahouse Culture in China, History of Tea Culture

As is known to all, China is one of the oldest countries in the world. Through the long river of the history, a lot of majestic traditional culture has been passed on, and the tea culture is among that.


The teahouse culture has gone through a complicated process of development. The teahouse first appeared during Tang dynasty. At that time, people mainly go there to exchange their views about poem. But soon on, as the spread of the teahouses, more ordinary people formed the habit of going to the teahouse. Then the teahouses was developed largely in Song Dynasty. By Qing Dynasty, there has been several kinds of teahouses aiming at customers from different class of society. For instance, some special teahouses were for people to play Chinese chess, and some teahouses became popular among businessmen. Also, some teahouses were especially for scholars, which could be much more quiet. Besides serving tea, the teahouses also served snacks, and some teahouses provided musical performances.

Beijing Teahouses

There is a great variety of teahouses in Beijing, including Big Teahouse, Qing Teahouse, Storytelling Teahouse and Wild Teahouse. In the ancient times in Beijing, there were a number of storytelling teahouses, where listening to the storytelling is the main purpose. The famed teahouses in Beijing are arranged and decorated fastidiously, creating the atmosphere for listening to storytelling.

In Qing teahouses of Beijing, pergolas are built outside the gate, where customers can chat and enjoy tea in every season except winter. Qing teahouses are deeply fond of by the old. In addition, in Beijing, there are also Chess Teahouses suitable for playing chess.

Hangzhou Teahouses

The teahouse culture in Hangzhou originated from the Southern Song Dynasty. Though there are not so many teahouses in Hangzhou as that of Sichuan, the culture atmosphere of teahouses in Hangzhou is full-bodied. Hangzhou teahouses are particular about culture, environment, internationalization and marketization. People in Hangzhou mainly drink West Lake Longjing Tea. According to the present condition, Hangzhou is universally acknowledged as the city managing teahouses best. Every year, during the National Tea Expo Fair and The West Lake International Tea Party held in Hangzhou, participants from everywhere speak highly of Hangzhou teahouses.

According to statistics, there are more than 700 teahouses in Hangzhou at present. Some boast tea ceremony, such as Tai Chi Teahouse; some feature tea cakes and relaxation, such as Qingteng Teahouse; some boast ecological environment; some integrate aesthetic enjoyment and tea-tasting, such as Ziyige Teahouse and Heji Teahouse.

Tianjin Teahouses

The teahouses of Tianjin are just like the teahouse of Beijing, containing tea, snacks, singing opera arias (without makeup and acting) and storytelling. However, its culture atmosphere is not outstanding. In China, the famous cross talk, which is deeply loved by many Chinese people, was originated from teahouses of Tianjin. These years, listening to a cross talk in a teahouse of Tianjin has become a fashion and unmissable experience. Audiences burst their sides with laughter at the cross talk. A number of audiences from other areas flock to Tianjin to listening to teahouse cross talk, spending a day of relaxation in peals of laughter.

Guangdong Teahouses

The teahouses of Guangdong feature magnificent appearance and they are decorated gorgeously, with rich cultural atmosphere. There are thousands of teahouses in Guangzhou, including professional teahouses and hotel teahouses. Guangdong teahouses are also served as the restaurants for having meals. There are over 60 varieties of delicate refreshments. In Guangzhou, people having a date, holding family reunion parties and having business negotiations are all usually held in teahouses.

Chengdu Teahouses

People of Sichuan Province have been keeping the habit of drinking tea. Drinking tea in teahouses is the typical tea activity of Sichuan. In Chengdu, teahouses and tearooms of different sizes spread all over cities. Some are decorated with calligraphy, painting, flowers and miniascape, creating a beautiful and quiet environment.

Yumenguan Great Wall, Small Square Castle

Standing alone in the middle of the desert, yumen pass, also known as xiao fang bao, has lost its luster as an invincible military fortress. It may be hard to believe that this dilapidated site of rammed earth was once a fierce battlefield and a thriving trading gateway, with traders and camels coming and going.

It was an important pass at xiguan in the han dynasty (206bc-220ad), at the western end of the hexi corridor, the gateway from central China to the west.

As a vast and complete ancient defense system, the Great Wall, broadly defined as a strip centered on a passageway, is 25 miles (40 kilometers) long and 550 yards (503 meters) wide, including two castles, 20 beacon towers and 17 wall sites.

Yutian hetian jade is located in the world’s oldest international trade route — the northern section of the silk road. In ancient times, the hetian jade in yutian (today’s hetian county, xinjiang) was transported to the central plains through the pass, hence the name yumen pass.

The pass was made of rammed earth and had two gates, the west gate and the north gate, the latter being the main entrance. There were several offices and a staircase at the southeast corner leading to the attic. However, due to thousands of years of disrepair, these sites cannot be found at present. The remaining castles cover 757 square yards (633 square metres), are 26.7 yards (24.4 metres) long, 28.9 yards (26.4 metres) wide and 30 feet (9 metres) high.

On June 22, 2014, yumen pass became a world heritage site. In the early han dynasty, xiongnu constantly invaded the western frontier of China. Instead of fighting back, the weak rulers of the country preferred to marry the maids of honor to the chief of the xiongnu to obtain temporary peace. When emperor wudi came to power, he immediately abolished this cowardly policy. He launched a massive and violent counterattack, driving the xiongnu army out of the territory. In order to strengthen the stability of the western frontier, two passes of yumen pass and yangguan pass were set up along the border. From then on, these two passages, like two royal soldiers, gloriously defended the west gate of their country.

Located on the northern part of the silk road, yumen pass was also a stop for merchants and envoys. It witnessed the prosperity of commercial trade along the old trade routes. Silk, porcelain and tea flowed to the west. At the same time, spices, fruits, music, religious beliefs and other western specialties were introduced into the central plains. It is said that grapes, pomegranates and walnuts, which now grow in central China, are native to the western region.

Two thousand years later, the camel bells had died away. The cries of the sellers in the market completely disappeared. There is only a single castle left to remind you of its glorious past.

Yardang National Geopark, the Devil City

Dunhuang Yardang national geological park is located in China’s gansu province, 108 kilometers (67 miles) northwest of dunhuang city. It extends 25 kilometers (15 miles) from east to west and 13 kilometers (8 miles) from north to south. The park is famous for its typical wind-erosion landform, yalang landscape. Yardang means a small mound of earth with steep walls in the uyghur language. There are 77 sites and boulders of various shapes in the area.

It also has a nickname “devil city” because when night falls, the wind will roar. There is a legend in this area that the park was once a castle, but a god turned it into a ruin as punishment for evil. Yardang national geopark attracts many explorers with its unique desert landscape, ancient legends and exotic rocks.

Dunhuang Yardang national geopark is divided into the southern region and the northern region. The northern region is characterized by the golden lion greeting, the sphinx, the peacock standing gracefully, and the western sea fleet. The first three are all solitary, and the last is a group of men, like a fleet of sails. The north is strewn with strange rocks. The south is even bigger, with rocks dotted like cartoon characters and traditional Chinese paintings.

Take the shuttle tourist buses for the northern region. During the 1.5-2 hours journey, the bus will stop for 10 minutes at the Gold Lion Greeting Guests and Sphinx, and 30 minutes at the other two spots. To get to the southern region, visitors can rent an off-road vehicle at the Western Sea Fleet at a cost of CNY 400 per car. The journey usually lasts for 1.5 hours. It is freer to go sightseeing in this way, and the driver may stop at wherever visitors want. If time permits, make sure you not miss the beautiful sunset over rolling hills. The sunset usually occurs between 6:00 pm ~ 7:00 pm from October to March and 8:00 pm ~ 9:00 pm from April to September. In northern region, visitors can see the sunset at the Western Sea Fleet. There is also a hilltop in the southern region to catch this stunning scene. Due to the large temperature variation between day and night, as well as the windy and dusty weather there, visitors are suggested to ready hats, sunglasses, and jackets.

Yangguan Great Wall, the Yangguan Pass

Yangguan was a line of defense along the famous Great Wall of the silk road, but it meant a sad parting, as people would send their relatives off here with famous verses. Among them, the most famous is ‘Oh, my friend, I sincerely entreat you to have another cup of wine; you will see no more friends west out of the Yangguan Pass’, by Wang Wei, a famous poet in Tang Dynasty.

During the western han dynasty (206 bc-ad 24), it was one of the two main fortresses on the western border (the other was yumen pass). In order to consolidate the frontier defense, emperor wu originally ordered it built.

Yangguan and yumen pass are also trade gateways for central and western China. They witnessed the prosperity of the silk road, the world’s oldest trade route. In the tang dynasty, it celebrated the return of xuanzang, a monk commissioned by the imperial court to obtain the original texts of buddhist sutras from the west. It disappeared from view during the song dynasty (960-1279) and Ming dynasty (1368-1644).

Yang means the sun in Chinese. Due to geography, most of the sun in China shines on the southern terrain. Therefore, people use “Yang” to mean the south. Located to the south of yumen pass, people call it yangguan.

It is separated from yumen pass by a 40-mile (64-kilometer) wall with 10 beacon towers every three miles (5 kilometers). Today, much of yangguan lies beneath shifting sand dunes. Only the beacon on the top of the hill survived.

It is the entrance to the entire scenic area, located 870 yards (796 meters) north of the lonely beacon tower on dundun hill. There are nearly 4,000 exhibits related to the “yangguan, yumen pass” and “silk road”, including bronze, iron, jade, fabric and weapons. It was more of a model city for the pass than a simple museum, with gateways, generals’ offices and barracks scattered throughout the area.

Once you’re out of the museum’s gate tower, the 870-yard (796-meter) thoroughfare will take you to the site of the pass. The name of the road translates into a bright and happy future, carrying the best wishes of family and friends. You can ride through it on horseback, on a donkey cart, or on a sightseeing bus. Tickets are 40 yuan, 20 yuan and 10 yuan per passenger.

Xinghai Park, Xinghai Bay in Dalian

Xinghai park is located in the southwest of dalian city, adjacent to xingwan, because xingwan named. The park is about 800 meters (less than half a mile) long, with lush trees and flowers on the landward side and golden beaches on the shore.

Xinghai park attracts many visitors because it is a peaceful harbor and offers good bathing facilities from its safe beach, where the water is neither too deep nor affected by moderate waves. In addition to the natural beauty of the park, visitors are also drawn to the architectural charms of the seven music pavilion, wanghai pavilion and yingchao pavilion, which are connected by cobblestone walkways.

At the eastern and western ends of xinghai park, the cliffs rise above the sea, and the cliff tops present a fascinating view of the bay, with the sea and sky merging in the distance on the horizon. Lake cave can be seen on the east cliff. The name of the cave means “explore the ocean” and as you walk down the inside steps, you will find the spray rising at your feet. What an amazing sight!

Another feature of xinghai park is sun Asia ocean world, where you can observe many strange creatures living in the ocean. The aquarium is the first in China to have an underwater tunnel where you can see Marine life up close. In addition, you’ll see the world’s first underwater pyramids, cities and flying saucers in this extraordinary ocean world! It is the only museum in China dedicated to collecting fossils from around the world, each of which is hundreds of millions of years old.

Western Thousand-Buddha Cave in Gansu Province

In Dunhuang, Gansu province, China, we found the Dunhuang Mogao grottoes, which are composed of the Mogao grottoes, the Yulin grottoes and the west thousand Buddha grottoes.

To the west lies the thousand-buddha cave on the western side of the mogao grottoes, perched on a cliff by the dang river, 35 kilometers (22 miles) from dunhuang. Because the cave paintings in this cave are similar in structure and artistic style to those in the mogao grottoes, the western thousand-buddha cave is considered as dunhuang buddhist art. Although the exact age of the caves is not known, some speculate that the caves may have appeared earlier than the mogao caves.

There are 16 caves, more than 800 square meters (8,611 square feet) of murals and 34 painted clay figures. Some caves were built during the tang dynasty (618-907), while others were built during the wei dynasty (386-534). Unfortunately, some caves have collapsed, but 10 of them are open to visitors.

In cave no. 4, we found several large statues. They have strong bodies and long eyebrows. In the fifth cave, which was decorated during the wei dynasty, we found an inscription written by a buddhist disciple named tanzang for his dead grandparents and parents. So far, more than 70 Chinese characters are clearly visible. Moving on to cave 7, we see one of the most famous aspects of the cave, a painting of a flying apsaras, a buddhist god (known for dancing and singing), so vividly painted that it seems to be alive. Herdsman yurts in no. 9 cave have unique shapes, which provide valuable reference for the study of ethnic customs in gansu. In buddhist lore, the great warrior god enriana appeared beneath some of the statues. In these caves, many colorful murals tell colorful buddhist stories, making these caves one of the best sources of buddhist art in China.

Tiger Beach Ocean Park, Laohutan in Dalian

Tiger beach Ocean Park (tiger beach Ocean Park), located in the middle of the southern coastal city of Dalian, is China’s largest modern lido, with a total area of 1.18 million square meters (about 291 acres) and a coastline of more than 4,000 meters (about 13,123 feet). In the park, you can see many fascinating natural scenery and magnificent artificial landscape, especially tiger sculpture square and tiger beach polar Marine animal world. Tiger beach Ocean Park is a modern Ocean Park integrating tourism, leisure, shopping and other functions. It is the most popular Ocean Park in Dalian.

Tiger beach Ocean Park’s plaza, which covers 15,700 square meters (about four acres), is designed as an irregular shape rather than a traditional circle. The tiger sculpture was designed by the famous Chinese painter and sculptor han meilin and is the symbol of the tiger beach Ocean Park. The sculpted tiger is 35.5 meters (about 116 feet) long, 6.5 meters (about 21 feet) tall and 6.5 meters wide. It took han two years and nine months to complete the great work. To the east, the six tigers varied in shape and size. They roar in the wind to express their power as the king of beasts. Tiger sculpture plaza is one of the most beautiful and gorgeous squares in Dalian.

The polar Marine animal world at tiger beach Marine park is currently the only world with the largest number of Marine animals and the most comprehensive display of polar animals. Here, you can see not only beluga whales, sea otters, walruses, ducklings and other rare polar animals coming to China for the first time, but also lovely dolphins, lovely penguins, polar bears and other animals. In the 2,000-seat aquarium’s performance hall, the animals star daily with spectacular performances such as a gentle beluga whale kissing humans and dolphins performing exuberant acrobatics to music. All this takes you into the magical realm of the sea world, where animals and humans live in harmony. On the other hand, you can experience the cold and the polar lights in the polar environment, where you can touch the polar bears and reindeer. You can also learn about the polar sea world.

In addition, you can see Asia’s largest aquarium — the mouth aquarium, which is dominated by coral reef communities; China’s largest semi-natural artificial birdcage — a songbird forest with more than 2,000 birds; China’s longest aerial rope across the ocean; and a 4d movie.

Dunhuang Dishes, What to Eat in Dunhuang

In Dunhuang, a vibrant city in western China bordering xinjiang and heavily influenced by nomadic tribes, grilled lamb is a popular dish in restaurants and hotels. However, the cultural taste of Dunhuang cuisine is much deeper. They borrowed from four different dining styles; Including the awe-inspiring han dynasty (206bc-220)(mainly barbecued), the atmospheric tang dynasty (618-907)(mouthwatering, aromatic, visually perfect), the modern new Dunhuang (emphasizing the special appearance of dishes), and a variety of snacks from street vendors, local flavors, will satisfy the hunger of any visitor.

Developed and improved by chef and restaurateur zhao chang ‘an, Dunhuang cuisine is recognized as one of the eight new cuisines in China. First, we will introduce some traditional dishes.

A dish, also known as camel’s toe, gets its name from its resemblance to a camel’s foot. It is well known that camels were the most important means of transportation on the ancient silk road. They can travel long distances across arid deserts with the help of their four feet. Camel toe is actually a tendon, high nutritional value. Camels live long lives, are hard to find hooves, and are almost as valuable as brown bears. Wash the water chestnuts, marinate them until soft, season with seasonings, and steam them with the chicken for seven to eight hours until the bones are easy to remove. Cut the water chestnuts into pieces, put them into a steamer and let them simmer for 2-3 hours. Finally, make snow mountains out of egg whites and put them together in the shape of camel toes.

It is a kind of Lamian (dough stretched to form fine noodles). Yellow Noodles look like golden threads, tastes delicious and have a soft texture. They can be added to soups, or mixed with cooked vegetable dishes, and being savoury, makes a good appetitive. From the vivid painting in the Mogao Caves, we may know Lamian is a traditional food with long history.

Discoveryland Theme Park, the Second Largest Theme Park in Northeast China

Discovery theme park is located in Dalian city, Liaoning province, Jinshitan scenic area (also known as Jinshitan national tourism resort) gold coast. Covering about 47 hectares (116 acres), it is the second largest theme park in northeast China, with a variety of advanced entertainment facilities.

Discovery park consists of seven themed entertainment areas scattered around a large lake. In a counterclockwise direction, there are: crazy town, mysterious desert, metal factory, magic forest, legendary castle, wedding palace and avenue of America.

Upon entering the discovery park theme park, visitors will first see a beautiful european-style fountain in a large square called discovery plaza. They can take pictures with cartoon characters here. By exploring the plaza, visitors can begin their exploration by walking counterclockwise along the lake.

There are many recreational facilities in this town. Visitors should not miss the “gyro ride,” which literally means “turning over a river.” Imagine what summer would be like if you were thrown into the air. In addition, there are some wonderful performances, such as “robbed treasure” in the crazy theater and “Caribbean carnival” on the water stage.

Children’s favorite pirate ships and railroad cars can be found in this area of discovery park. Visitors can also experience crazy go-kart racing, enjoy unique middle eastern style belly dancing and an evening fireworks display.

The highlight at the metal factory is the roller coaster called “crazy cobra”. Visitors can have a unique experience of acceleration due to the use of linear induction motors; It only takes three seconds to go from 0 to 50 MPH (0 to 80 km/h). The orbit kept spinning and twisting, even spinning 360 degrees in some places. This is particularly exciting.

Visitors can take a hovercraft to start their trip to the amazon. Later, they can experience floating roller coasters and watch an exotic program called “indians worship the sun.”

Visitors should spend some time admiring the wonderful buildings in the castle. Besides, they can challenge themselves in the haunted house. For the children, there was a little train passing through the fairy tale kingdom. The famous European band “King Jocks” regularly performs their best at knight’s square.

It is the most beautiful and peaceful place in the theme park of discover park. It is the ideal place for fairy-tale wedding.

Bingyu Valley Scenic Area, the Oriental Miniature Switzerland

Bingyugu wind scenic spot is located in the north of Zhuanghe city, 240 kilometers away from Dalian city, covering an area of 110 square kilometers (27182 mu). This spectacular resort is known as “Oriental mini Switzerland”. It is also known as “little Guilin”, which is internationally famous for its extraordinary landscape. These vistas show rugged cliffs, stunning peaks, and clear rivers winding through dense virgin forests. This fascinating place, full of ecological significance, really deserves to be hailed as one of China’s best-kept secrets.

Bingyugu wind scenic area consists of longhua mountain, small fishing valley and yingna river. The mountain gives a feeling of nobility and grace, of courage and serenity. Among the many scattered mountains, you can see many strange things and people, such as a tiger sitting, an eagle spreading its wings, or a sharp sword.

Yingna river in the freezing rain valley wind scenic spot, like a white ribbon dancing in the valley. It was calm in some parts of the valley and later became restless and even turned into a picturesque lake. Its tributaries look like wisps of wire winding around isolated peaks. The scenery of shuanglong dam is reminiscent of the charming scenery of guilin and the most spectacular three gorges on the Yangtze river. Many activities such as skating (only in winter), boating and fishing can only be enjoyed here.

The green virgin forest in the bingyu valley wind scenic area can shade the sky as this natural botanical garden attracts onlookers. There are thousands of plants that provide an oxygen-rich environment. It is also home to hundreds of animals such as otters, roe deer, badgers, foxes, squirrels and birds, especially the native robin. With the end of the life cycle, the years pass: spring flowers bloom; It provides a cool place in summer; In autumn, the beautiful mountains are covered with red leaves. In winter, the mountain suddenly becomes a crystal iceberg.