The Great Wall, an ancient Chinese military defense project, was a tall, sturdy, continuous Wall designed to limit The movement of The enemy. The Great Wall is not a simple isolated wall, but the wall as the main body, with a large number of cities, barriers, pavilion, symbol combined defense system.
Great Wall resources are mainly distributed in hebei, Beijing, tianjin, shanxi, shaanxi, gansu, Inner Mongolia, heilongjiang, jilin, liaoning, shandong, henan, qinghai, ningxia, xinjiang and other 15 provinces. Hebei province is more than 2,000 kilometers long, and shaanxi province is 1,838 kilometers long. According to the results of a nationwide survey of Great Wall resources by the department of cultural relics and surveying and mapping, the total length of the Great Wall in the Ming dynasty was 8,851.8 km, while the length of the Great Wall in the qin, han and early periods exceeded 10,000 km with a total length of more than 21,000 km.
On March 4, 1961, the Great Wall was announced by the state council as one of the first batch of national key cultural relic protection units. In December 1987, the Great Wall was listed as a world cultural heritage site.
Who Ordered the Great Wall of China to be Built
With the exception of the spring and autumn period and the warring states period (770 to 221 BC) and the warring states period (475 to 221 BC), almost every dynasty since the Qin dynasty (221 to 207 BC) has ordered the construction of the Great Wall to resist attacks and aggression from other countries. Among them, Qin emperor (221 bc-207 BC) and Han Wu emperor Han (201 bc-8 AD) expanded the Great Wall on a much larger scale. Thanks to the construction of the Great Wall during the han dynasty, it also contributed to the protection of the silk road. During the Ming dynasty (1368-1620), the first emperor of the Ming dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang, ordered the construction of the Great Wall. The existing tourist Great Wall almost belongs to the Ming dynasty Great Wall, including the ancient north Great Wall. In modern times, MAO Zedong ordered the Great Wall at Badaling to be renovated in 1957. Then, in 1978, Deng Xiaoping ordered a renovation of the Great Wall, opening it to foreign and domestic tourists.
Designers of the great wall of China
Most of the people who designed the structure of the Great Wall were recorded in the historical books of the Warring States countries (475 BC – 221 BC). However, after Qin’s unification of China, those books were all burned out. The history of Qin Dynasty (221 BC – 207 BC) has always been centered on the noble. These folk craftsmen who built the Great Wall were not named. In later dynasties, there were records of restoration and construction of the Great Wall, but in terms of design, they all followed the style of the wall at that time, so there was no fixed designer. By the Ming Dynasty, it was mainly planned by the emperor Zhu Di, and renovated and adjusted by the famous general, Qi Jiguang. As a result of the implementation of subcontracted construction, the specific designers are not one person. On each section of the Great Wall, there are different designers and builders.
How Many People Built the Great Wall
At least millions of people participated in the construction of the Great Wall. According to records, only in the Qin Dynasty (221 BC – 207 BC), the first emperor of Qin ordered more than one million workers to build the Great Wall, which was one-twentieth of the country’s population. By the Northern Qi Dynasty, the number of people who built the Great Wall was recorded to be 1.8 million. Later in the Sui Dynasty (581 AD – 608 AD), there were tens of thousands, hundreds of thousands, or even millions of people taking part in the construction of the Great Wall, which were recorded in the historical books.